In January 2017, the government approved an updated version of the essential levels of care.” The new document introduces significant public health changes: vaccination programs; outpatient specialist care, with a substantial revision of the treatments that can be delivered by the National Health Service; and hospital care, with a further shift of treatments to outpatient settings.
As far as I know, citizens of countries outside the EU or from countries that do not have a reciprocity agreement with Italy (and the US does not, since Badanti Roma there is not a national health system here) must pay the urgent service in full at the time of discharge according to the regional fee schedule.
Despite recognition of the family health nurse (FHN) as a key figure in PHC and a professional capable of making a very substantial contribution to health promotion and disease prevention, in addition to being a caregiver (WHO, 1999 ), PHC in Italy has traditionally been managed by physicians.
Within the national system of public health, first introduced in Italy by the law of December 22, 1888 (Crispi's Law), at the end of the nineteenth-century a few orthopaedic institutions reserved for children were opened, mainly devoted to the treatment of rickets, a disease widely spread among the poorest part of the Italian population.
If no alternative to detention can be applied, children whose primary caregivers are subject to detention could be exceptionally held in detention facilities if this is the only means of maintaining family unity and it is in the best interests of the child.
Around 6 million people are covered by some form of voluntary health insurance (VHI), which generally covers services excluded under the LEA, offering a higher standard of comfort and privacy in hospital facilities and wider choice among public and private providers.
Regions are responsible for: (1) strategic planning process and local regulation in the health and health care area at regional and local level; (2) coordinating health care providers and providing health care services; (3) deciding on the priorities for financing health care organizations that provide services financed through the Regional Health Fund (accredited public and private organizations, local health authorities, teaching hospitals, and accredited private providers); and (4) creating guidelines for providing services in the regional health departments, including assessing the need to build new hospitals, accreditation programs, and accounting systems.