Drainage Services Porto Alegre, BrazilThe Lincoln Institute has been cosponsoring research and training programs with public officials in Porto Alegre, Brazil, for several years. The Social Urbanizer represents a third path that recognizes both the role and expertise of informal land subdividers who operate in the low-income segment of the market and the indispensable role of public agents in supporting the poor to participate in otherwise inaccessible market conditions.
While conventional drainage systems have as a principle the rapid transfer of water downstreams, BGI proposes to intervene in the territory in a way that increases its social and ecological value, while the adopted measures also promote the reduction of peak flow.
The Sanitation Atlas presents the outcomes of the 2000 National Survey of Basic Sanitation (PNSB) in the form of maps, pinpointing, for example, water supply, sewage, waste collection and urban sanitation networks in the majority of the Brazilian municipalities.
By adopting similar measures in the city of Portland on its SEA Street pilot project, Seatlle achieved savings of about 25 percent on expenditures traditionally applied to pollution control, desentupidora de pias asphalt maintenance, and sidewalk spending, and a percentage of precipitated water retention of 37%, due to its focus on the use of green areas for the absorption of water in grassy strips.
Ecotourism is very popular in the Germanesque cities of Gramado and Canela ; their cold weather is among their attractions for internal tourism Tourism is also high in the wine regions of the state, principally Caxias do Sul and Bento Gonçalves The pampas of the native Brazilian Gaúcho are both a national and international curiosity to tourists and their customs are alive in the capital city of Porto Alegre as well as in the cities of the "interior" or western Rio Grande do Sul such as Santa Maria and Passo Fundo The state is also home to the historic São Miguel das Missões , the ruins of an 18th-century Jesuit Mission.
Specimens were collected by Jorge Garcia, Universidad de Panamá and were deposited at the Museu de Ciências e Tecnologia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (MCP) and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama (STRI).
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Nevertheless, the information from which to estimate a design hydrograph is limited where planning procedures (such as the `Urban Master Plan' of some Brazilian cities) specify only the type of urban land use (residential, industrial, etc.) and the recommended population density in areas where development is planned.